The Safety and Performance of your Printing Line: Response Accuracy

There are important considerations when choosing an LFL monitor:

  • Response Accuracy
  • Response Speed
  • Condensation Issues
  • Failsafe

First let's look at response accuracy.

There are several technologies used to measure flammability, and few react the same way to all substances. 

A sensor or analyzer calibrated to accurately read one substance may be significantly inaccurate for another process component. This variance from perfect accuracy (error) is known as the Response Factor. 

The Safety & Performance of your Printing Line: Safety Margins

Almost all safety authorities require a 4:1 margin of safety below the LFL, based on worst-case conditions. This means that enough dilution air must be used to always maintain a concentration of less than 25% of the LFL, according to the National Fire Protection Association standard NFPA 86.

The Safety & Performance of your Printing Line: Basics of Flammability Measurement

For each flammable substance there is a level of concentration in air, usually expressed as a percent by volume, that is known as its Lower Flammable Limit, LFL, or Lower Explosive Limit, LEL. Below the LFL, the mixture of fuel and air is too lean to support combustion. For example, a mixture of 1.1 percent Hexane in air is equal to 100% of its LFL - just rich enough to propagate a flame.